Philippines - Early WW2
U.S. Army and Philippine Scouts miniatures (28mm) for the Philippines in 1941.
On December 8, 1941, nine hours after the attack on Pearl Harbor, the Commonwealth of the Philippines was attacked by the Empire of Japan. The Philippines commonwealth had important U.S. military bases in the islands. In 1935, retired US Army General Douglas MacArthur was appointed to be the commanding officer of the Filipino forces and tasked with building and training the army. He estimated would take 10 years to build a force capable of deterring threats. As tensions rose with Japan, MacArthur was reactivated in the summer of 1941 by the U.S. Army, but received scarce support to enhance preparations. In December, MacArthur and the Filipino and American forces under his command were caught unready. Very quickly the air forces were destroyed on the ground. The American-Filipino forces on the island of Luzon fell back toward the Bataan Peninsula. They were besieged on the island of Corregidor, which was surrendered in May 1942.